Definitions of
non-road mobile

At the moment, the draft standards that seek to regulate emissions from non-road vehicles in Mexico are under discussion, so there is still no binding regulatory document that classifies the types of machinery to be regulated and defines the emission standards that they must adhere to.

The Instituto Nacional de Ecología y Cambio Climático (INECC) (National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change), together with institutions such as the LTME Center for Energy and Environment, developed the study “Caracterización de las emisiones de fuentes móviles fuera de carretera con motor diésel en México con y sin filtro de partículas” (Characterisation of emissions from off-road mobile sources with diesel engines in Mexico with and without particulate filters), based on the following technical definition for non-road vehicles:

Non-road vehicles: those sources such as handheld generators, forklifts, special vehicles and a wide range of other equipment used in agriculture, construction and industry, which do not have […] agricultural or construction machinery must carry reflective material on their vehicles in accordance with the provisions of the Traffic Law “Reflective Material for Passenger or Cargo Transport Vehicles; I. Object” and in accordance with what is specified in standard NMX-D-225-IMNC-2013 or in force (Official Gazette of Mexico City, 2015). a road permit to travel on streets or highways due to their weight, size, design or low speed. One of the characteristics of this type of equipment is that due to their power requirements they use diesel as fuel and generally do not have technology to control their emissions, so they can become large emitters of polluting gases, black carbon, organic matter and other particulate matter components. (INECC, 2014).

With regard to the definitions of agricultural machinery provided for in the technical standards for tractors, the standard NMX-O-153 (1981) of the Secretaría de Comercio y Fomento Industrial (Ministry of Commerce and Industrial Development), defines agricultural machinery as follows:

Agricultural machinery: “is a set of mechanisms, intended to supply, transform, transfer, apply or regulate any type of energy, in order to carry out or assist agricultural work and which is permanently intended for such work.”

Main regulatory
instruments for NRMM
emissions reduction

There are no regulations governing emissions generated by NRMM. There is an initiative supported by Mexico City called Clean Construction Declaration through Dr. Marina Robles García, in which Mexico City commits to require zero-emission construction machinery in municipal projects from 2025 and zero-emission construction sites throughout the city by 2030, when available.

Emission standards
for air pollutants

According to information gathered through interviews with local/1/ experts , Mexico City technical staff are working on measures to reduce emissions from construction machinery that will be published in the Programa de Gestión para Mejorar la Calidad del Aire de la Ciudad de México (ProAire)/2/ (Management Programme to Improve Air Quality in Mexico City)

There are no emission standards for new or used machinery imported or existing in the country.

Import requirements
and type-approval

(There is no information for Mexico)


(There is no information for Mexico)

Regulation on machinery
useful life, repowering, overhaul and
scrapping practices

(There is no information for Mexico)

Operational and road
circulation requirements

According to the Mexico City Traffic Law (Official Gazette of Mexico City, 2015), Article 41, section v states the following:

Artículo 41: – The following vehicles shall be fitted with amber flashing lights on the upper part, subject to authorisation by the Secretariat:

Fracción v: oversized vehicles, agricultural or construction machinery and vehicles used for flagging.

Artículo 49: “Agricultural or construction machinery is only allowed to circulate on Mexico City roads when authorised by the Secretariat. Their circulation shall be limited to the transfer of the vehicle to the place where it will be used”.

When travelling on the road, agricultural or construction machinery must have the necessary safety measures, such as reflective or luminous warning signs. When its speed of circulation is less than 20 kilometres per hour or it has excessive dimensions, it must be supported by a vehicle that accompanies it to warn other drivers of its presence.

Infringement of the prohibitions set out in this Article shall be punishable by a fine equivalent to 20, 25 or 30 times the Unidad de Medida y Actualizacion in force.

Likewise, agricultural or construction machinery must carry reflective material on their vehicles as specified in the Traffic Law “Material Reflejante para Vehículos de Transporte de Pasajeros o Carga; I. Objeto” (Reflective Material for Passenger or Freight Transportation Vehicles; I. Object) and according to what is specified in the standard NMX-D-225-IMNC-2013 or in force. (Official Gazette of Mexico City, 2015).

In Jalisco, there is a procedure called Permiso para Circulación de Maquinaria (Machinery Circulation Permit), issued by the Ministry of Transport (Government of Jalisco, 2021). “The machinery circulation permit allows the transport of heavy machinery (prior authorised route) in the Metropolitan Zone of Guadalajara and is granted indicating the point of origin and destination of the machinery”. The legal grounds supporting this requirement are:

  • Law of Mobility and Transport of the State of Jalisco (Article 70, Section v).
  • Regulation of the Law of Mobility and Transport of the State of Jalisco (Article 103 and 136, section II-VII, clause d).
  • Revenue Law of the State of Jalisco, for the fiscal year 2019 (Article 23, section iv, clause f).

On the other hand, the press report entitled “Maquinaria pesada incumple reglamento/3/” (El Imparcial, 2016) specifies the following:

  • All heavy machinery vehicles such as backhoes, motor graders and others of similar type, must have permission from the Municipal Transit to circulate within the cities, moving from one side to the other being towed on platforms to avoid damaging the roads.
  • Drivers must have a driver’s licence.
  • The traffic law specifies that they cannot drive at very low speeds or exceed the speed limit.
  • The units must have a municipal traffic permit to operate at appropriate hours, either at night or in the early hours of the morning.

In information obtained through interviews with experts in Mexico, the following was found regarding the operation of machinery in Mexico City:

In case of high pollution contingencies in the Metropolitan Zone of the Valley of Mexico, restrictive measures for the operation of machinery are implemented in order to reduce emissions of ozone precursors and particulate matter/6/. However, depending on the event that triggers the contingency, the measures may vary and sometimes, despite a contingency being active, there may be an exception so that the NRMM can operate on a regular basis.

Procedures for NRMM
control and inspection
in the operation stage

(There is no information for Mexico)

Actors in import processes, manufacturing, registration, marketing, control and final practices of useful life of the MMNC

(There is no information for Mexico)

Consultation documents (downloadable)

Go to top